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What is PANDAS/PANS?
PANDAS is short for Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal infections. PANDAS describes children who have Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) or tic disorders, whose symptoms of these conditions get worse after a Strep Throat infection or Scarlet Fever.
PANS is short for Pediatric Acute Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome, and is used to describe a more generalized population of all OCD cases.
PANDAS requires a clinical diagnosis after a comprehensive integrative work up and review of a patient's health history. In patients who are diagnosed, the history will reveal an acute onset of OCD or tics, or a worsening of previous symptoms noticed, since having a strep infection.
Criteria Used to Diagnose PANDAS
- Presence of clinically significant obsessions, compulsions, and/or tics
- Unusually abrupt onset of symptoms or a relapsing-remitting course of symptom severity
- Prepubertal onset
- Association with other neuropsychiatric symptoms
- Association with streptococcal infection
- Heavy Metal Intoxication
- Gastrointestinal Disorders